The false lanternshark is a species of dogfish shark found in New Caledonia. Like all lanternsharks, they’re small deep water sharks known for the light-producing photophores on their bodies. The photophores are concentrated mostly on their belly and it works as counter illumination, making the shark seem brighter to match their backgrounds. This makes it easier for the lanternshark to stalk prey. They feed on small fish and invertebrates.
They’re ovoviviparous and are found in waters about 1000 m deep. They grow to 45 cm. No females have ever been examined.
They’re also known as the false pygmy lanternshark, as it resembles the pygmy lanternshark.
Since they live in very deep waters, they experience little fishing pressure. They’re currently considered Least Concern.
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